How To Teach Math To Preschoolers

While some people groan that they will never use the math skills from school in real life, studies show quite the opposite. Starting children on the right track by teaching them math concepts in preschool is extremely beneficial. If kids learn math skills early on, they will be more likely to succeed in elementary school as well as later in life. Here are some important math skills to teach preschoolers.

Number sense

The first important math skill that a child should develop early on is number sense. Number sense is a term used to describe the basics of learning about numbers. This involves the child learning to count forwards and backwards. This will allow the child to learn the relationship between numbers later on. Number sense is an important skill that more preschool educators should implement so children are equipped with this knowledge before they reach kindergarten.

Learning numbers through pictures or representation

Children are able to build relationships between numbers and represented items because children are naturally visual. Using representation is a great way to make the use of mathematics real to a child’s mind. Early childhood education should involve representing numbers with pictures, items, or even family members. This will allow children to make connection between math skills and the real world. If they do not make this connection, they could be confused about the information provided in a classroom.

Adding and subtracting

Typically, concepts are taught before skills. This prevents many preschool teachers and parents from teaching young children addition and subtraction. But there is a way to teach young children the basics of adding and subtracting before they reach elementary school. These basic skills can be used in many typical childhood interactions. For example, if you are sharing cookies, you are subtracting from the total number in order to make sure that each person has the same number of cookies. If teachers focus on adding and subtracting, the students are likely to have a stronger foundation in mathematical skills that they can use in the future.


In order to teach children geometry, you can use a number of supplies found in the classroom. One helpful exercise is to prompt students to name the shapes of blocks and other objects. You can also let students learn about geometry through creative activities. For example, you can allow the students to arrange colored blocks into various patterns and shapes. You can then ask them to name the shapes they have created. Geometry can even be brought into “arts and crafts” time. Have students create objects, such as shapes cut out of paper that then can use later in math lessons and activities.


If you want to teach children about measurement, one great way to do this is to weigh and measure various objects on a “science table”. This will get the students enthusiastic not only about math, but about science as well. You can also use some of the students’ favorite manipulatives, such as toy cars or plastic animals, to teach them measurement. You can ask questions like “What are there more of, cats or dogs?” You can also play guessing games that have to do with measurement. For example, saying “I’m thinking of a number greater than 4 but less than 7” is a fantastic way to teach children about measurement.

There are a number of simple ways that you can teach preschoolers about math so that you can apply it to the world around them. Learning math skills from a young age makes a huge difference in students’ lives and leads them to success.